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Immigration

IMMIGRATION
 
IMMIGRATION FOR
 
    

Before you apply

Permanent residence under the Federal Skilled Worker Program

The Federal Skilled Worker Program

Immigration has always helped to make Canada’s economy strong and prosperous. To continue this tradition, Canada encourages applications for permanent residence from people with skilled work experience and education that will contribute to the Canadian economy.

Before you apply, make sure you have assessed whether you meet the current eligibility criteria for skilled workers.


Do you intend to reside in Quebec?

If you intend to reside in the province of Quebec, you do not qualify under the Federal Skilled Worker Program.

Under the Canada-Quebec Accord on Immigration, Quebec establishes its own immigration requirements and selects foreign nationals who will adapt well to living in Quebec. If you intend to come to Canada as a Quebec-selected skilled worker, you must first apply to the (MIDI) (in French only).



Application category

Choose the Category below which corresponds to your situation.

You only need to meet the criteria for one of the three application categories in order to be eligible to apply.

Note that all applicants must also meet the minimum requirements for the Federal Skilled Worker Program.

Category 1

You have at least one year of continuous full-time (or the equivalent in continuous part-time) paid work experience in the last ten years in an eligible occupation.

If you do not have the required work experience in one of the eligible occupations , you do not meet the eligibility criteria for Category 1.

There is a maximum number of Federal Skilled Worker applications for processing under Category 1 each year. Within this overall limit, a cap or maximum number of applications per eligible occupation may also be set each year.

Category 2

You have a permanent job offer from a Canadian employer. The job offer must:

  • be in writing on company letterhead and signed by the responsible officer/supervisor,
  • be for permanent full-time (non-seasonal) work, and
  • meet the arranged employment requirements described in this guide.

Category 3

You are an international student currently enrolled in a doctoral (PhD) program, delivered by a recognized post-secondary school located in Canada, and:

  • you have completed at least two years towards the completion of your PhD, and
  • are in good academic standing, and
  • are not a recipient of a Government of Canada award requiring you to return to your home country to apply your knowledge and skills,

OR

you have completed a PhD program from a recognized post-secondary school located in Canada no more than 12 months before your application is received by the CIO and:

  • you have not received a Government of Canada award that requires you to return to your home country to apply your knowledge and skills; or
  • if you were a recipient of such an award, you have satisfied the terms/conditions of the award.

I am not eligible

If you do not meet the eligibility criteria in any of the three application categories, do not submit an application under the Federal Skilled Worker Program


I am eligible. What is the next step?

Once you have determined that you meet the eligibility criteria in one of the three categories described above, you must also meet all the minimum requirements for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, meet the minimum funds requirement, and obtain sufficient points under the selection factors. You must also meet admissibility (criminality, security, medical) requirements.


What are the minimum requirements?

All applicants must meet the following minimum requirements under the Federal Skilled Worker Program:

Minimum Work Experience Requirements

  • You must have at least one year of continuous full-time (or the equivalent in continuous part-time) paid work experience in the primary occupation you specify in your application;
  • You must have had this experience within the last 10 years; and
  • Your work experience must be in an occupation listed in Skill Type 0 (managerial occupations), Skill Level A (professional occupations) or B (technical occupations and skilled trades) of the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC).

National Occupational Classification (NOC)

The National Occupational Classification (NOC) is the official classification system of occupations in the Canadian labour market. It describes duties, skills, abilities, and work settings for occupations in the Canadian labour market.

Determining your NOC category

Follow these steps to determine if your work experience is in an occupation that meets the minimum requirement to apply under the Federal Skilled Worker Program:

  • STEP 1. Go to the NOC 2011 website at: www5.hrsdc.gc.ca/NOC/
  • STEP 2. Click on “ Search the NOC…”
  • STEP 3. Follow the instructions to find the NOC 2011 description or category that best matches your work experience in the primary occupation you specify in your application. Your work experience must have been at least one year of continuous full-time (or the equivalent in continuous part-time) paid work experience that you obtained within the last ten years. The initial description and list of main duties in the NOC job description must match what you did in your job.

Minimum Language Requirement

You must identify in your application which language – English or French – will be your first official language in Canada.

You must meet and include results of a language test from an agency designated by CIC in that language when you apply.

Minimum Education Requirement

You must have a completed Canadian secondary or post-secondary educational credential OR a completed foreign educational credential AND an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report issued by an organization designated by CIC if your educational credential was obtained outside Canada.

The ECA report will confirm the equivalency of your completed foreign educational credential(s) to completed Canadian educational credential(s). The ECA report will also indicate the authenticity of your foreign educational credential(s).


What are the selection factors?

If you meet all of the eligibility criteria and minimum requirements, your application to come to Canada as a skilled worker will be assessed against a point system consisting of six selection factors.

You will also need to show that you have enough money to support yourself and your family members after you arrive in Canada.

The current pass mark is 67 points for all selection factors combined. The six selection factors are:

Selection factors Points
Factor 1: Education Maximum 25 points
Factor 2: Ability in English and/or French Maximum 28 points
Factor 3: Work experience Maximum 15 points
Factor 4: Age Maximum 12 points
Factor 5: Arranged employment in Canada Maximum 10 points
Factor 6: Adaptability Maximum 10 points
Total Maximum 100 points
Pass Mark 67 points

If your score is the same or higher than the pass mark, then you may qualify to immigrate to Canada as a skilled worker.

Below is a detailed description of all six selection factors.


Factor 1: Education (maximum of 25 points)

You will be awarded up to 25 points for your highest completed Canadian educational credential or for your highest equivalency to a completed Canadian educational credential. You may also be eligible to receive points for certain combinations to two Canadian (or equivalent) educational credentials.

To receive points for your education, you must provide evidence that you have completed a Canadian secondary or post-secondary educational program OR submit an original ECA report for the completed foreign educational credential(s) for which you are claiming points from. The ECA report must indicate an equivalency to a completed Canadian educational credential.

If you are submitting an ECA report, you must also provide proof of your completed foreign educational credential(s) with your application (e.g. copies of your diplomas/degrees, transcripts, etc).

Proof of Foreign Educational Credential Equivalency

Have the completed foreign educational credential(s) for which you are claiming points assessed by an organization designated by CIC and obtain an ECA report before starting the immigration process and submitting your application to the CIO.

Your ECA report must have been issued by the organization on or after the date on which they were designated by CIC and must meet CIC format and content requirements. In addition, your ECA report must not be more than five years old on the date that we receive your application at the CIO.

Important information. The ECA report must indicate that your completed foreign educational credential is equivalent to a completed Canadian educational credential.

Education Points
Doctoral (PhD) level 25
University-level credential at the Master’s level OR an entry-to-practice professional degree. CIC only accepts as an entry-to-practice professional degree, those degrees issued in relation to an occupation listed at NOC Skill level A and for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required, in one of the following fields of study:  Medicine, Veterinary Medicine; Dentistry; Podiatry; Optometry; Law; Chiropractic Medicine and Pharmacy. 23
Two or more post-secondary program credentials AND at least one of these credentials is for the completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer 22
Post-secondary program credential of three years or longer 21
Two-year post-secondary program credential 19
One-year post-secondary program credential 15
Secondary school (also called high school) 5

Estimated Score | /25


Factor 2: Ability in English and/or French (maximum of 28 points)

You will be awarded up to 28 points for your proficiency in English and/or French. You will receive points based on your ability to:

  • listen,
  • speak,
  • read, and
  • write.

You must demonstrate that you meet the minimum level of language proficiency set by the Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism by providing proof of your proficiency in all four language abilities in English or French – whichever language you identify in your application will be your first official language in Canada.


Proof of language proficiency

When you submit your application to the CIO, you must include original results of one of the following language tests from a testing agency designated by CIC.

Your language test results must not be more than two years old at the time that we receive your application at the CIO.

English

  • CELPIP: Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (General test only)
  • IELTS: International English Language Testing System (General Training test only)

French

  • TEF: Test d’évaluation de français

Official language testing

Take a language proficiency test from a designated testing agency

You must take a language proficiency test from an agency designated by CIC before starting the immigration process and submitting your application to the CIO.

  1. Make arrangements to take a language proficiency test with a designated testing agency and pay the test costs.
  2. Submit your original language test results with your application.

    Using your test results

    Once you have taken a language test from a designated testing agency, you can estimate how many points you will receive for your language proficiency.

    Your test results must match the CLB/NCLC levels set by the Minister in all four language abilitie


    Factor 3: Work experience (maximum of 15 points)

    You will receive points for the number of years of full-time paid work (or the equivalent in part-time paid work) you have obtained within the last ten years. Full-time means at least 30 hours of paid work in one week.

    You must have at least one year of continuous full-time, paid work experience (or the equivalent in continuous part-time work) in the primary occupation you specify in your application.

    In order to receive points for all of the jobs you have had over the past ten years, your work experience must be in one or more occupations listed in Skill Type 0, Skill Level A or B of NOC 2011. Follow the Determining your NOC category instructions above to find the NOC 2011 category that matches your skilled work experience over the past ten years.

    You must provide proof of your work experience with your application.

    Estimate how many points you will receive for your work experience:

    Work Experience Points
    1 year 9
    2 – 3 years 11
    4 – 5 years 13
    6 or more years 15

    Estimated Score | /15


    Factor 4: Age (maximum of 12 points)

    You will receive points for your age on the date that we receive your complete application at the CIO.

    Estimate how many points you will receive for your age:

    Age Points
    18 to 35 years of age 12
    36 years of age 11
    37 years of age 10
    38 years of age 9
    39 years of age 8
    40 years of age 7
    41 years of age 6
    42 years of age 5
    43 years of age 4
    44 years of age 3
    45 years of age 2
    46 years of age 1
    Under 18 years of age or 47 years of age or older 0

    Estimated Score | /12


    Factor 5: Arranged employment (maximum of 10 points)

    You will receive points if you have a valid offer of permanent employment from a Canadian employer. A valid offer of employment has to be for permanent full-time (non-seasonal) work in Canada, and must be in an occupation listed in Skill Type 0, Skill Level A or B of NOC 2011.

    Estimate how many points you will receive for arranged employment:

    Arranged employment Points
    If you are currently working in Canada on a work permit and
    • Your work permit was issued by CIC based on a positive labour market opinion from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC),
    • Your work permit is valid when you apply for a permanent resident visa, and
    • Your current employer has made an offer to give you a permanent full-time job if your application is successful.

    Note: You must also have a valid work permit, or you must be authorized to work in Canada without a work permit, at the time your permanent resident visa is issued.

    10
    If you are currently working in Canada in a job that is exempt from the labour market opinion requirement under an international agreement (e.g. North America Free Trade Agreement) or a federal-provincial agreement and
    • Your work permit is valid when you apply for a permanent resident visa, and
    • Your current employer has made an offer to give you a permanent full-time job if your application is successful.

    Note: You must also have a valid work permit, or you must be authorized to work in Canada without a work permit, at the time your permanent resident visa is issued.

    10

    If you do not currently have a work permit and you are not otherwise authorized to work in Canada before you have been issued a permanent resident visa OR you are currently working in Canada and a different employer has offered to give you a permanent full-time job OR you are currently working in Canada in a job that exempt from the requirement for a labour market opinion, but not under an international or federal-provincial agreement and

    • Your prospective employer has made an offer to give you a permanent full-time job if your application is successful, and
    • Your prospective employer has obtained a positive labour market opinion from ESDC
    10

    Estimated Score | /10


    Factor 6: Adaptability (maximum of 10 points)

    You will receive points if you can show that you or your spouse/common-law partner have experience and abilities that will help you adapt to living in Canada.

    Note: Even if you qualify for points under several criteria, you can only receive a maximum of 10 points for adaptability. You cannot claim points for a spouse who is a permanent resident living in Canada or a Canadian citizen.

    You must provide proof that you or, if applicable, your spouse/common-law partner meet adaptability criteria in order to obtain points.

    Estimate how many points you will receive for adaptability:

    Adaptability criteria Points

    A. Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner’s level of language proficiency

    Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner’s level of language proficiency in either English or French is at the CLB 4 level or higher in all four language abilities (speaking, listening, reading and writing).

    Note: To receive points for your spouse or common-law partner’s language proficiency, you must submit original language test results from a designated testing agency with your application to the CIO. Your spouse or common-law partner’s language test results must not be more than two years old on the date that we receive your application. Refer to the language testing section above.

    5

    B. Your previous study in Canada

    You completed at least two academic years of full-time study (in a program of at least two years in duration) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of instruction per week, and you must have remained in good academic standing (as defined by the school) during the period of full-time study in Canada.

    5

    C. Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner’s previous study in Canada

    Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner completed at least two academic years of full-time study (in a program of at least two years in duration) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of instruction per week, and your accompanying spouse or common-law partner must have remained in good academic standing (as defined by the school) during the period of full-time study in Canada.

    5

    D. Your previous work in Canada

    You completed a minimum of one year of authorized, full-time work in Canada in an occupation that is listed in Skill Type 0, Skill Level A or B of NOC 2011.

    10

    E. Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner’s previous work in Canada

    Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner completed a minimum of one year of authorized, full-time work in Canada.

    5

    F. Arranged employment (Principal applicant only)

    You earned points under Factor 5: Arranged Employment.

    5

    G. Relatives in Canada

    You or, if applicable, your accompanying spouse or common-law partner has a relative, i.e. parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, brother/sister, aunt/uncle or niece/nephew, who is 18 years of age or older as of the date we receive your application, and who is a Canadian citizen of permanent resident residing in Canada.

    5

    Estimated Score | /10


    Your estimated score for all factors combined

    Use this table to calculate your total estimated score. The pass mark is currently set at 67 points for all factors combined.

    Factor Maximum points
    1. Education 25
    2. Language proficiency 28
    3. Work experience 15
    4. Age 12
    5. Arranged employment 10
    6. Adaptability 10
    Total 100